Wordplay Wednesday

Wordplay Wednesday!**
When we stop learning, we stop living. 

Interesting, quirky words not necessarily heard in common conversation, here, for your edification; and one or two posted on Twitter* every Wednesday @PenchantForPen. *Bold in list below. Abbreviated definitions are derived from the 2014 Webster’s New World College Dictionary, Fifth Ed., unless stated otherwise.
Baffle and bewilder your family and friends with weird and wild new words! 

Featured word - Wordplay Wednesday! September 20, 2017:
DONNÉE (dô nāʹ) n. – [French] an incident, idea, etc. that serves as an author’s starting point or inspiration for a novel, play, etc. [WW #130]
<><><><><>

- aargh (or online Webster's, sp. argh; interj): used to express disgust, nausea, or any other forceful negative reaction. [Especially on tax day - mindful of pirates. Heehee.]

- abaft (ɘ baftʹ) adv. – at or toward the stern or rear of a ship; aft. [WW #114]

- abulia (ɘ bōōʹlē ɘ; Psychology) n. – loss of the ability to exercise willpower and make decisions (adj. abulic) [WW #118] 

- acephalous (ā sefʹɘ lɘs) – adj.; Zoology: 1) having no part of the body differentiated as the head; 2) having no leader. And from the Encyclopædia Britannica: The word is used literally in biology; and metaphorically in prosody or grammar … In zoology, the mollusca are divided into cephalous and acephalous (Acephala), according as they have or have not an organized part of their anatomy as the seat of the brain and special senses. [WW#45] 

- afflatus (n.): Gesundheit! Kidding. It’s really … n. an inspiration or powerful impulse, as of an artist or poet [… create with afflatus my artistic friends!

- algid (alʹjid) adj. – cold, chilly. [WW#47]

- alienage (n.): the legal status of an alien [you  mean … Roswell is real?!].

- aloin n. a bitter, crystalline cathartic [laxative] prepared from the aloe.

- amide (n.): group of organic compounds containing the CO-NH2 radical or acid radical in place of one hydrogen atom of an ammonia molecule [… zzzzzzzzzzz snore … no offense, I’m sure it’s exciting to some of you!]
 
- aqueous humorʹkwē ɘs; hyōōʹmɘr) n. – a watery fluid in the space between the cornea and the lens of the eye. [WW #111

- atelier (atʹ’l yā’) n. – a studio or workshop, esp. one used by an artist. [WW #126] 
- azoic adj. 1) without any life (an azoic ecological zone); 2) designating or of the earliest part of the Archean Eon, when there was no life on earth [the ultimate Peace on Earth, right?]

- banjaxed (banʹjaxt) vt. – not in the English dictionary (imagine that). It is, however, bandied about on the Emerald Isle. From an Irish-Information.com newsletter, “An oft-heard and seldom questioned word that is uttered throughout Ireland. It not only sounds great but can be applied to a number of situations! It essentially means broken, beyond repair, in a bad way.” [WW #103]

- bletn. decay in overripe fruit.* [Gross.] 

- bortz (bôrts) n. – a flawed diamond used only for industrial purposes, esp. in crushed form for grinding and polishing [a.k.a. bort] [WW #122]

- bosk (bäsk) n. – a small wooded place; grove; thicket; also boscage (bäsʹkij) [WW #109]

- brio (brēʹō; Italian) n. – animation; vivacity; zest. [WW #108]

- brose(s) [brōz; Scot.] – n. a dish made by stirring boiling water or milk into oatmeal. [Not to be confused with your bro’s breakfast.]

- cabal (kɘ bälʹ) – n.: 1) small group of persons joined in a secret, often political intrigue; junta; 2) intrigues of such a group; plot | vi. caballing to join in a cabal; plot. [A little history trivia: popularized in England from initials of the ministers of Charles II]. WW#44

- cark (kärk) – (archaic; vt., vi.) to worry or be worried; n. distress; anxiety. [Worry not!]

- caseous (kāʹsē ɘs) adj. – of or like cheese. [WW #88

- cavil (kavʹɘl) – vi., to object when there is little reason to do so; resort to trivial faultfinding; carp; quibble; n. a trivial objection; quibble. [WW #55]

- cento (senʹtō) n. – 1) a literary or musical work made up of passages from other works; 2) anything made up of badly matched parts. [WW #95]

- chesterfield (chesʹtɘr fēld’) n. – 1) a single-breasted topcoat, usually with a fly front and a velvet collar; 2) a kind of sofa, heavily stuffed and with upright ends (any sofa) [WW #92] 

- chillaxin' – in the mid-1960s and through the ‘70s to “chill” meant to relax. At some point, someone really wanted emphasis and squished the two words together for slang that lasted much of the latter decade. Cool, man …

- chouse (chous) vt. – (Brit.) to cheat, swindle; vt. (West) to herd (cattle) roughly. [WW #64] 

- civet (n.): yellowish fatty substance of civet cat used in musk-like scent perfumes; what wasn’t in the tweet – the substance is secreted near the civet cat’s genitals [… ewww!

- coincidence (kō inꞋ sɘ dɘns; aka COINKYDINK) n. accidental and remarkable occurrence of events or ideas at the same time, suggesting but lacking a causal relationship. [Causal, m’dears, not casual. Oooooh, so close.]

- copacetic (kōʹpɘ setʹik) adj. – (Old Slang) good, excellent, fine, etc. [WW #68]

- cotidal (kō tidʹl) adj. – indicating the coincidence in time or extent of tides (cotidal lines on a map). [TFT 1 of 2 / WW #80] 

- craw (krô) n. – 1) the crop of a bird or insect; 2) the stomach of any animal – to stick in the (or someone’s) craw, to be unacceptable or displeasing to someone. [WW #54] 

- curule (kyōōʹrōōlʹ) adj. – designating a chair like an upholstered campstool with heavy curved legs, in which only the highest civil officers of Rome were privileged to sit in; 2) privileged to sit in a curule chair, of the highest rank. [WW #58]  

- cutin (n.): varnish-like material covering epidermis of land plants.

- enow (adj., n., adv.): [Scottish] enough.
 
 - daimyo (n.): hereditary feudal nobleman of Japan.

- donnée (dô nāʹ) n. – [French] an incident, idea, etc. that serves as an author’s starting point or inspiration for a novel, play, etc. [WW #130]

- doyenne (doi enʹ, dwä yenʹ; female version of DOYEN, doiʹɘn) – n.: [French] the senior member of a group, esp. one regarded as an authority because of superior knowledge and long experience. [WW#46]

- elodean. a swamp; any of a genus of submerged water plants of the frog’s-bit family w/whorls of short grass-like leaves – often used in aquariums as it releases large amounts of oxygen.

- enervate (enʹɘr vātʹ) vt. – to deprive of strength, force, vigor; weaken physically, mentally, or morally; devitalize; debilitate. [WW #119]

- ennead (enʹē adʹ) – n. group or set of nine (books, gods, etc.). Number 9 ... Number 9 ...

- estival (esʹtɘ vɘl, estiʹvɘl) adj. – of or pertaining to summer. [TFT 2 of 2 / WW #80] 
 
- excuse (ek skyōōsʹ) n. – 1) a plea in defense of or explanation for some action or behavior, [i.e.] apology; 2) a release from obligation, duty, etc.; 3) something that excuses …; 4) a pretended reason for conduct, [i.e.] pretext … well, you get the idea! [2-fer WW #98; bolding and underline are mine.]  



- extant – (eksʹtant) adj. to stand out or forth, 1) still existing; not extinct; not lost or destroyed; 2) (archaic) standing out; conspicuous. [And now, a thought-provoking Sci-Fi premise.]


- fetial (fēʹshɘl) n. - in ancient Rome, any of a group of priests who gave advice in the conduct of war, diplomatic negotiations, etc. [kind of a conflict of interest wouldn’t you say? and it’s pretty close to fecal – you know what that means …] 

- figeater (figʹētʹɘr) n. – a large, green, velvety scarab beetle (Cotinis nitida) of the Southern U.S., the adults of which feed on ripe fruit; June bug. [WW #76]

- firedrake (-drākʹ; Mythology) n. fire-breathing dragon. [Or a first date with bad breath!] 

- flyting (n.): to contend, strive; to quarrel; formalized exchange of taunts, insults, as between warriors or rivals.

- foin (vi.): thrust, stab, lunge; as in fencing. [En garde!]

- footling (fōōtʹliŋ) adj. – [Informal; chiefly British] silly and unimportant; trivial; trifling. [WW #75]

- furfur (fʉrʹfɘr) n. – 1) dandruff, scurf; 2) pl. scaly bits, esp. dandruff scales. [WW #66]

- garth (gärth) n. (Archaic) – an enclosed yard or garden. [And an awesome Country artist! WW #57]

- Götterdämmerung (n.): German translation of the ancient Norse Ragnarök foretelling future events of great destruction; modern, (2) the total, usually violent collapse of a society, regime etc. [... well, I'll be gotterdam-me-rung the bell!]

- hallowmas (halʹō mɘs, -masʹ) n. former name for All Saints’ Day. [Think celebrating sainted spirits …if you lived through the night before hell. #1 in Six Weeks of Weird Halloween Words.]

- happy talk (radio, tv) – a style of news presentation characterized by cheerful commentary and informal conversation among anchors during newscasts. [WW #67] 

- heigh (interj.): [Archaic] used to attract notice, show pleasure, express surprise, etc. [… think “heigh-ho” neighbor!]

- hiemal (hīʹi mɘl):adj. of winter; wintry. [Is your honey in a hiemal mood? Give her / him a warm hug.]

- imperative (im perʹɘ tiv) adj. – 1 having the nature of, or indicating, power or authority; commanding [an imperative gesture]; 2 absolutely necessary, urgent, compelling [it is imperative that I go] …   [WW #91]  

- incused (in kyōōzʹ) adj. – forged with a hammer; hammered or stamped in: said of the design on a coin. n. – such a design. [WW #129]

- indurate (inʹdōo rātʹ) vt. – 1) to make hard; harden; 2) to make callous, unfeeling, or stubborn; 3) to cause to be firmly established; vi. – to become indurated; adj. – hardened. [WW #110] 

- injudicious (inʹjöö dishʹɘs) – adj. showing poor judgement; not discreet or wise. [For the next time you want to call someone stupid without them catching on (right away). You’re welcome.] 

- inveigh (in vāʹ) vi. – to make a violent verbal attack; talk or write bitterly. [WW #106]

- irrupt (i ruptʹ) vi. – 1) to burst suddenly or violently; 2 to increase abruptly in size of population. [WW #86]

- jack-o'-lantern (jakʹɘ lantʹɘrn): n. a hollow pumpkin cut to look like a face and usually illuminated inside as by a candle, used as a decoration at Halloween.  

- jeu (Fr.; n.): a game; diversion [... otherwise known as life]. ;-) 


- johnny (jänʹē) n. – a short muslin gown with short sleeves and a back opening that is closed with ties, worn as by hospital patients. [WW #78]

- kef (kif or kief, vari.; n.): dreamy condition; 2) substance smoked to produce this condition [… followed by KEG]. :-)  

- kepi (n.): cap with flat, round top and stiff visor, worn by French soldiers.

- kinglet (kiŋʹlit) n. – 1) a petty, unimportant king; 2) any of several small Old World warblers (genus Regulus) with a bright-colored crown, as the golden-crowned kinglet. [WW #72]
 
- knur (nʉr) n. – a knot, as on the trunk or branch of a tree. [WW #61; 1 of 3] 

- knurl (nʉrl) n. 1) a knot, knob, nodule, etc.; 2) any of a series of small beads or ridges, along the edge of a coin or on a dial; 3) (SCOT) a short, thickset person. [WW #61; 2 of 3]


- knurly (- ē) adj. – full of knurls, as wood; gnarled. [WW #61; 3 of 3]

- laity (lāʹi tē) n.– 1) all the people not included among the clergy; laymen collectively; 2) all the people not belonging to a given profession. [WW #56]

- lenis (leʹnis, laʹ-) – adj. Phonet. articulated with little muscle tension and little or no aspiration (smooth, soft, mild) —n. a lenis sound.

- lexis (lekʹsis) n. – the full vocabulary of a language, or of a group, individual, field of study, etc. [WW #73]  

- leno (n.): 1) type of weave in which warp yarns are paired and twisted; 2) soft, meshed fabric of this weave [uh, nope – it isn’t weaving Jay Leno’s hair!]

- liminal (limʹI nɘl, liʹmi-) adj. – of or at the limen, or threshold; at a boundary or transitional point between two conditions, stages in a process, ways of life, etc [n. liminality; WW #62]

- lithophyte (lithʹɘ fīt’) n. – a plant that grows on rock surfaces. [WW #117] 

- lycanthrope or more commonly – WEREWOLF (werʹwoolfʹ): n. Folklore, a person changed into a wolf, or one capable of assuming the form of a wolf at will; lycanthrope.

- manitou (manʹɘ tōōʹ; also manitu or manito): n. Folklore among the Algonquin Indians, any of various spirits or supernatural forces variously conceived of as nature spirits of both good and evil influence.

- marl(y) n. (adj.) soft, crumbly mixture of clay, sand, and limestone in varying proportions, typically containing shell fragments [and you thought it was just a cute dog name].

- mazer (māʹzɘr) n. – a large drinking bowl or goblet, originally of hard wood, probably maple, later of metal. [WW #87]

- meinie or meiny (māʹnē) – n. 1) [obsolete] feudal retainers or attendants, collectively; retinue or household; 2) [Scots.] a crowd; throng; multitude.  

- mew [dictionary entry #3] (myōō) n. – a gull; esp., the common gull (Larus canus) of Eurasia and NW North America. [WW #93]

- minatory (minʹɘ tôrʹe) adj. – 1) menacing; threatening; 2) conveying or constituting a threat. [WW #96]

- moggy or moggie (mägʹē) n. (Brit. Informal) – a domestic cat, esp. one of a common or mixed breed.  [WW #94]  

- moil (moil) vi. – 1) drudgery, hard work; 2) confusion, turmoil (moiler, n.). [WW #65]  

- monochrome (mänʹɘ krōmʹ) n. – 1) a painting, drawing, design, or photograph in black and white, or in shades of one color often with black or white;2) the art or process of making these; adj. – of or having to do with a single color … [the bolding and italics are mine, hint, hint; WW #97]. 

- monoglot (mänʹō glät’) adj.– speaking or writing only one language; n. a monoglot person. [WW #100.]  

- Musca (n.): No, not the front half of a muskrat. It’s: a fly; an S constellation near Crux … fly me to the Musca? 77th constellation in size [... fly-high or sky-high!

- nacre (nāʹkɘr) n. Mother-of-Pearl; NACREOUS (nāʹkrē ɘs) adj. of or like nacre; yielding nacre; iridescent; lustrous. [WW #113

- naif (nä ēfʹ) adj. / n. – a naïve person. [WW #115] 

- nepotism (nepʹɘ tizʹɘm), do you know it derives from the French for nephew? Over the centuries, népotisme eventually scaled to include, n. – favoritism shown to relatives, esp. in appointment to desirable positions. [WW #104]

 - nodus (nōʹdɘs) n. – complication, difficulty, knotty situation, as in a play. [WW #50]

- noetic (nō etʹik) – adj. of or having to do with the mind or intellect; sometimes specifically able to be understood only by the intellect. [Huh?] 

- nous (nōōs) n. – 1) mind, reason, or intellect, specif. as a metaphysical principle; 2) shrewdness or understanding; savvy. [WW #101]

- numen (nōō'mɘn) – n. an indwelling, guiding force or spirit. [WW #83]

- obi (Japanese; n.): broad sash with bow in back, worn with a Japanese kimono [no, Star Wars fans, not short for Obi-Wan Kenobi].

- otiose (ōʹshē ōsʹ, ōtʹē-) – adj. 1) [Rare] idle; indolent; 2) ineffective, futile; 3) useless, superfluous – SYN. vain. [You're so vain ... ] 

- ogham (also ogam; n.): alpha system for writing Old Irish, developed in the 5th & 6th cent. AD; letters are represented by various combinations of lines or notches carved along the edge of a memorial stone.

- ordure (ôrʹjɘr, -dyoor) n. – dung; excrement. [WW #105]

- orlop (ôrʹläp) n. – the lowest deck of a ship with four or more decks. [WW #70]

- ort(s)n. a scrap or fragment of food left from a meal, usu. used in plural. [WW#48]

 - paddywhack (n.): a rage; temper; 2) a beating or spanking (Irish: “get one’s Irish up”) [… included in the Irish ditty, “This Old Man” / With knick-knack paddywhack / Give the dog a bone … ].

- pavid (pavʹid) adj. – to tremble, orig., be struck down; (RARE) fearful; afraid; timid. [WW #59] 

- phasmophobia (fas′mō-fō′bē-ă): n. exaggerated fear of ghosts. [Not in Webster’s dictionary, but that just means they can be a bit behind the times. It appears all over the ‘Net! And we know … if it’s on the ‘Net it must be real! LOL]  
 
- poteen (Ireland; from póitín): n. illicitly distilled whiskey [let’s call it what it is … hooch, bootleg] 

- prog (präg) vi.: to prowl about, as in search of food or plunder; forage; n. – food obtained as by progging. [WW #51]

- puissant (pwisʹɘnt; pyooʹi sɘnt) adj. – powerful; strong; n. puissance  [WW #107]

- pule (pyōōl) vi. – to whimper or whine, as a sick or fretful child does. [WW #85]

- quale (kwāʹlē, kwäʹ-; pl. qualia) n. – (Philosophy) a quality, as whiteness, loudness, etc., abstracted as an independent, universal essence from a thing. [WW #81]

- quipu (kēʹpōō, kwipʹōō) n.: a device consisting of an arrangement of cords variously colored and knotted, used by the ancient Peruvians to keep accounts, record events, etc. [WW #52] 

- realia (rē āʹlē ɘ, rē aʹlē ɘ) n. – objects from everyday life; used as in teaching a foreign language.

- reason (rēʹzɘn) n. – 1) an explanation or justification of an act, idea, etc.; 2) a cause or motive; 3) the ability to think, form judgments, draw conclusions, etc.; 4) sound thought or judgment, [i.e.] good sense; 5) normal mental powers, [i.e.] a sound mind, sanity … wow. [2-fer WW #98.] 

- rebarbative (ri bärʹbɘ tiv) adj. – repellent, unattractive, forbidding, grim, etc. (literally: “to face beard-to-beard”) [WW #120] (Think facing the FCC "beard-to-beard" over Net Neutrality!)


- ruth (rōōth) n. 1) pity, compassion; 2) sorrow, grief, remorse. [WW #71

- saltbox (sôltʹbäksʹ) n. – 1) a box for salt, with a sloping lid; 2) a house, as in colonial New England, shaped somewhat like this, having two stories in front and one at the rear, and a gable roof with a much longer slope at the rear. [WW #89]

- sedulous (sejʹoo lɘs) adj. – 1) working hard and steadily, diligent; 2) constant, persistent (sedulous attention to the task). [WW #69]

- seiche (sāsh) n. – a natural, standing wave in the water of a lake, bay, etc., caused by changes in atmospheric pressure, seismic disturbances, winds, waves, tides, etc.; it continues after the generating force stops [I know some people like that! (WW #60)] 

- sennet (senʹit) – n. a trumpet call used as a signal for ceremonial entrances and exits in Elizabethan drama. [WW #77; 3-fer/1] 

- sennight (senʹit) – n. (Archaic) a week. [Think seven and night mash-up; WW #77; 3-fer/2]

- sennit (senʹit) – n. 1) a flat braided material made by plaiting strands of rope yarn; 2) plaited straw, grass, etc. used for making hats. [WW #77; 3-fer/3]  

- shebeen (n.): establishment where liquor is sold w/o a license [Ireland, Scotland, So. Africa] WIKI: (from síbín meaning "a mugful") unlicensed house selling alcohol.

- 666!: a number variously associated with Satan, the Antichcrist, the emperor Nero, etc. (Rev. 13:18). [A number by any other name is still a Word!]   

- solecism (sälʹɘ sizʹɘm) n. 1) a violation of the conventional usage, grammar, etc., of a language, as in ungrammatical use of words (Ex.: “We done it” for “We did it”); 2) a violation of good manners, breach of etiquette; 3) a mistake or impropriety. [WW #127]

stich (stik) n. – delete that dupe “t” to get: Prosody a line of prose or, esp., of verse. [WW #63]

- sulu: [Space buddy of Captain Kirk? Um, no.] (Fijian, clothes; n.): garment similar to a sarong worn by Melanesians, as in the Fiji Islands. 
"Sun Dog Painting" Stockholm 1535

- sundog (-dôgʹ) n. – a bright, sunlike optical illusion caused by sunlight passing through ice crystals in the upper atmosphere; parhelion. [WW #99.]

- swampwater: Half A&W Root Beer and half Orange Drink [back in the day, only Orange Crush would do as the mixer].  

- thenar (thēʹnär) n. – the palm of the hand or, sometimes, the sole of the foot; 2) the bulge at base of the thumb.* [WW #53]

- trick-or-treat!: traditional greeting used by a Trick-or-Treater; orig. used with the meaning ‘give me a treat or I will play a trick on you!’ 

- tyro (tīʹrō) n. – a beginner in learning something; novice; syn., amateur. [WW #82

- udo (n.): Japanese plant of ginseng family; shoots used in salads.

- ululate (yōōlʹyoo lāt’) vi. 1) to howl or hoot; 2) to wail or lament loudly. [WW #125]

- undine (un dēn) – n. coined by Paracelsus for a water spirit in his alchemical system; a wave; folklore: a female water spirit who can acquire a soul, by marrying and having a child by a mortal. [Human soul of course, as opposed to a fish-soul; do fish have souls?]

- unitive (yōōʹnɘ tiv) adj. – 1) having or characterized by unity; 2) tending to unite. [WW #116]

- vaticinate (vɘ tisʹɘ nātʹ) vt., vi. – to prophesy; predict. [WW #112] Also on this dictionary page, is vatic: of or characteristic of a prophet.

verism (virʹiz’ɘm) n. – realism or naturalism in the arts. [WW #84] 

- vibist (viʹbist) n. – a person who plays a vibraphone [or vibraharp].  [WW #90] 

- virago (n.): 1) quarrelsome, shrewish woman; 2) (archaic) strong, manlike woman; amazon.

- vituperate (vī tōōʹpɘr āt’) vt. – to speak abusively to or about; berate; revile. [WW #124]

- volitation (välʹɘ tāʹshɘn) n. – 1) the act of flying, flight; 2) the ability to fly. [WW #74]

- vug (or vugh, vugg; n.): cavity or hollow in a rock or lode, often lined with crystals. [A stunted, homely word with a dazzling, magical meaning, wouldn’t you agree?] 

 - wame (n.): the belly (variation of womb).

- whiffet (hwif'it) n. – 1) a little whiff, or puff; 2) (Informal) an insignificant, esp. young, person. [WW #79]

whim-wham (hwimʹhwam’) n. – 1) a fanciful ornament; bauble; trinket; 2) an odd notion, fancy, whim (the whim-whams [informal] – an uneasy, nervous feeling; the jitters). [WW #121]

- wodge (wăj) – n. (Brit. informal) a chunk or lump of something [an object having a lumpy bulgy shape – like, I’m feeling kinda wodgey today].

- womanpower (woomʹɘn pouʹɘr) n. – the collective strength or potential for work, activism, etc. of the women in a given group, area, nation, etc. [WW #102]  

- wye (wī) n. – 1) the letter Y; 2) something shaped like Y. [WW #128]

- xeric (zirʹik) adj. – of, pertaining to, or having dry or desert-like conditions. [WW #123] 

- zarf (n.).: small metal holder, used in the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean region, i.e., Greece, Turkey) to hold a cup of hot coffee. [Sounds like the bark of an overly excited dog, huh?]

- zoea (n.): early, free-swimming larval stage of various decapod crustaceans [... decapitated what?!]
 

C’mon back soon! More added as time permits.
 


** FYI, in case you're wondering - on April 15, 2015, this page name was changed to "Wordplay Wednesday" because I didn't think far enough ahead to buy the domain for "Wordy" Wednesday. Sigh. That's ok. I think we now have an official equal, if not better, title.